November 28, 2014, 03:24:25 PM

Author Topic: Iran Fueling up First Nuclear plant with help from Russia  (Read 270 times)

Offline Jhanda_Amli

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Iran Fueling up First Nuclear plant with help from Russia
« on: August 21, 2010, 05:52:11 PM »
A big news yesterday, which is not liked by a lot!!



'Iran's uranium a problem for UN, not the world'




WASHINGTON -- Iran has crossed a new nuclear threshold, but it's one the Obama administration isn't worried about.

On Saturday, technicians began loading low-enriched uranium fuel supplied by Russia into Iran's first civilian nuclear reactor, and if all goes smoothly, the Bushehr plant could start producing electricity under United Nations monitoring late this year or early next.

"The International Atomic Energy Agency regularly inspects the Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant in Iran. Iran began moving fuel assemblies to the plant's reactor compartment on 21 August 2010," Ayhan Evrensel, a press officer for the International Atomic Energy Agency, said in a statement Saturday. "The agency is taking the appropriate verification measures in line with its established safeguards procedures."

Bushehr embodies what the administration and many experts consider an ideal solution to the Iranian nuclear dispute: The Islamic republic benefits from the peaceful nuclear energy to which it's entitled by international law, but the fuel comes from elsewhere, negating Iran's need to make its own via enrichment, a process that also can produce highly enriched uranium for nuclear bombs.

Moreover, under a 2007 accord negotiated by the Bush administration, the spent fuel rods will go back to Russia after they've cooled to prevent Iran from harvesting them for plutonium, the other essential component of nuclear weapons.

"Because the Bush administration did such a good job of neutralizing the Bushehr reactor, we don't view it as a proliferation threat," said a White House official, who requested anonymity to discuss the issue freely.

Some experts, however, disagree. They warn that Iran could still use Bushehr to enhance its uranium enrichment program - located some 300 miles away at Natanz - that the U.N. Security Council is demanding be halted amid charges that it is part of a secret nuclear arms development project. Iran denies the allegation.

"I'm not arguing that it is obvious they will do this," said Henry Sokolski, a former Pentagon official who served on the congressionally mandated Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism. "But it increases the uncertainty budget. It doesn't simplify things to have this reactor operating."

At a minimum, the facility can serve as "an enormous cover" through which Iran can bring in weapons-related technology and experts prohibited by U.N. sanctions, said Sokolski, the director of the Proliferation Policy Education Center.

Critics of President Barack Obama have seized on the issue to launch fresh attacks on the administration's reliance on tougher international sanctions to compel Iran to suspend its uranium enrichment program and open negotiations.

John Bolton, who served as U.S. ambassador to the U.N. in the Bush administration, went so far as to warn Israel on Aug. 17 that it had only days left to bomb Bushehr because doing so after the reactor is fueled would spread radioactive contamination across the region.

"One doesn't have to take a John Bolton position or the official U.S. government position," said Simon Henderson of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. "There are enough uncertainties ... for us to look at the events that begin this weekend with some concern."


The fuel-loading ceremony was decades in coming.

A German firm began building two 1,000-megawatt reactors in 1975, but withdrew without completing either after the fall of the late Shah in 1979. The site on Iran's southern Gulf coast was bombed several times during the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq War, and in 1995, a Russian firm won a $1 billion deal to construct a single 915-megawatt reactor, which it completed in March 2009.

Russia dragged out the fueling process as it joined the U.S., the European Union and China in pressing Iran to suspend the Natanz uranium enrichment facility, which Iran built with technology sold by a Pakistani-led smuggling ring and hid from U.N. International Atomic Energy Agency inspectors for 18 years.



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Iran Fueling up First Nuclear plant with help from Russia
« on: August 21, 2010, 05:52:11 PM »

Offline Jhanda_Amli

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Re: Iran Fueling up First Nuclear plant with help from Russia
« Reply #1 on: September 27, 2010, 09:40:12 PM »
And another big news happened yesterday
The system is hacked... Hopefully its not a terriost to get hands on Nucleur stuff :loll: :loll:



TEHRAN - Iran suspects that a foreign organization or nation designed "Stuxnet," a quickly mutating computer worm that has been infiltrating industrial computer systems in the Islamic republic, a high-ranking official said Monday.

"We had anticipated that we could root out the virus within one to two months," Hamid Alipour, deputy head of Iran's Information Technology Co., a part of the ministry of communication and information technology, told the Islamic Republic News Agency. "But the virus is not stable, and since we started the cleanup process three new versions of it have been spreading," he said.

No one has claimed responsibility for the worm and no entity or country has been definitively identified as its source.

It is the first known case of malware designed to sabotage an industrial control system. "We've never seen anything like this before," said Liam O'Murchu, a researcher with the security firm Symantec. "It's very dangerous."

International computer security experts say Stuxnet was designed to target control systems produced by Siemens, a German equipment manufacturer. Siemens products are widely used in Iranian electricity plants, communication systems and in the country's first nuclear power plant, near the city of Bushehr, set to start production in October.
Quote
- When i was working for them .. They were doing ok.. :pagel: :loll:



Once inside the target system, the worm is capable of reprogramming the software that controls critical functions. Researchers still do not know what type of system it had in its sights or what type of sabotage was intended.

The worm was discovered in June, and researchers found about 45,000 infected computers in various countries, including Indonesia and India. But the vast majority were in Iran, leading analysts to conclude that a system in Iran was the likely target.

Iranian officials said Saturday that they had been hit by "electronic warfare" and acknowledged that the worm had infected more than 30,000 computers, including personal computers owned by employees of the nuclear power plant near Bushehr.

But although the officials said over the weekend that the facility itself was not in danger and that the virus was under control, Monday's remarks suggest otherwise.

Because of the worm's reach and complexity and the huge investment required to write the code, Alipour said he thinks the virus was designed by a foreign organization or country. "The writer has had access to industrial information which is not available to IT experts," he said, stressing that an ordinary group of hackers could not have designed the virus.

An Iranian computer expert said the nuclear power plant must also be infected if employees' personal computers were hit by Stuxnet. "This could either be done by Israel, intending to steal nuclear secrets or disrupt power plants, or by India, which has the biggest private programming capacity worldwide," said the expert, speaking on the condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the subject.

A low-level cyberwar between Iran and the West intensified after President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's disputed election victory last year. Several groups of Iranian hackers, some of them alleged to have ties to the intelligence ministry, have been attacking opposition Web sites. In December, they temporarily disrupted the Twitter network, which they accuse of assisting the grass-roots opposition movement.

Hacker groups such as the Iranian Cyber Army and Ashiyaneh have been saying they disrupted thousands of Western sites in the past year. In return, hundreds of Iranian Web sites have also been under attack.

Tehran-based engineers specializing in repairing personal computers said they had not noticed any upsurge in demands of repairs because of the virus. Computers are widely used in Iranian society, with the Internet playing an important role in distributing opposition news that is censored by state media outlets.

Alipour said the worm had become active about a year ago. "It is different from any other virus," he said. "Stuxnet is extremely dangerous, and serious measures should be taken to clean it up."

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Re: Iran Fueling up First Nuclear plant with help from Russia
« Reply #2 on: September 27, 2010, 10:42:01 PM »
tabaahi de asaar dis rahe ne

 

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