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Hukamnamas by guru gobind singh ji
« on: August 10, 2010, 11:44:02 AM »
HUKAMNAMA , is a compound of two Persian words hukm, meaning command or order, and namah, meaning letter. In the Sikh tradition, historically it refers to the letters sent by the Sikh Gurus to their Sikhs or sangats (congregation) in different parts of the country during the period of the Ten Gurus from 1469 to 1708. However, now it is used to refer to the Shabd {hymn} that is read after the Ardas prayer is said in the presence of the Sikh holy scripture, Sri Guru Granth Sahib. In this case the word is can also be shortened to just the Guru’s Hukam.
Currently, the word also applies to edicts issued from time to time from the five takhats or seats of high religious authorities for the Sikhs – the Akal Takht at Amritsar, Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib at Anandpur Sahib (Punjab), Takht Harimander Sahib at Patna (Bihar), Takht Sachkhand Sri Hazur Sahib at Nanded (Maharashtra) and Takht [[Damdama Sahib at Talvandi Sabo (in Bathinda district of the Punjab). The full name of these edicts is “Takhat deh Hunkamnama” – “The Order of the Takhat”
Letters addressed to Sikhs by historical personages as Baba Gurditta, the elder son of Guru Hargobind, Mata Sundari and Mata Sahib Devi, widows of Guru Gobind Singh, and Banda Singh Bahadur are also included in this genre. Some of the letters of the later Gurus to sangats or prominent Sikhs have in recent years been traced and published in two collections, with most of the material common to both, the first entitled Hukamname, edited by Ganda Singh (Patiala, Punjabi University, 1967), and the second Nisan te Hukamname, edited by Shamsher Singh Ashok (Amritsar, Sikh Itihas Research Board, Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, 1967). A separate anthology of Guru Tegh Bahadur’s hukamnamas, in Devanagari transcription and with an English translation, was published by Punjabi University, Patiala, in 1976. All hakamnamas were originally written in Punjabi, in Gurmukhi characters.
Those of Guru Hargobind as also most of Guru Tegh Bahadur’s are believed to have been written in their own hand. It appears, however, that in the time of Guru Gobind Singh, the text was written by a scribe while the Guru put down on the top of the letter an authentication mark, an invocation or some direction. There is a near uniformity in the format of the hukamnamas. The earlier ones bore no date; from AD 1691 onwards they were usually dated and also, at times, numbered. Later on, the practice of recording at the end of the text the number of lines in the body of the letters also came into vogue. The scribes began the text with the words, Sri Guru ji ki agia hai (It is the order of the revered Guru, or the revered Guru desires), preceded by the formula Ik Onkar Guru Sati, later Ik Onkar Satguru (Remember One God, the True Guru).
Banda Singh Bahadur (1670-1716), blessed by Guru Gobind Singh himself, introduced a seal in Persian script as authentication mark and recorded the initial formula to read as Ik Onkar Fateh Darsanu (God is One, Victory to (His) Presence), and the text began with Sache Sahib di agia hai (by order of the True Master). Hukamnamas of Mata Sundari begin with the words Sri Mata ji di agia hai, and those of Mata Sahib Devi with Sri Akal Purakh ji ka Khalisa Sri Mata Sahib Devi ji di agia hai (Mata Sahib Devi’s order to the Khalsa of the Timeless One).

Apart from their importance to the Sikhs as the sacred remembrances of the Gurus, the hukamnamas are invaluable historical documents. Names of persons and places to which they are addressed provide clues to the composition, socially, of early Sikhism and its spread, geographically. One of the earliesthukamnamas discovered is a missive addressed by Guru Hargobind (1595-1644) to sangats at Patna, Alamganj, Sherpur, Bina and Monghyr, in Bihar, and includes no fewer than 62 names of prominent Sikhs belonging to those communities. Hukamnamas of Guru Tegh Bahadur (1621-75) and Guru Gobind Singh (1666-1708) are addressed to sangats as far apart as Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet in the east and Patan, present-day Pakpattan, in Pakistan in the west. In addition to blessings from the Gurus and acknowledgement of the devotees’ gifts, these letters contain instructions for the followers to cultivate love and prayer as well as indications with regard to the offerings they might bring. The demands ranged from cash contribution in the form of gold or hundis (bills of exchange) to pet birds, garments, weapons, cannons and war elephants. Sometimes these demands are written in abbreviated forms.

The hukamnamas, which are dated, help to fix the chronology of certain events. For instance, letters instructing Sikhs not to recognize masands, or tithe-collectors, but to bring their offerings directly to the Guru on the occasions of Baisakhi and Diwali are all written during 1699 or later, confirming the abolition of the institution of masands simultaneously with the creation of the Khalsa on 30 March 1699. The almost identical letters, both dated 1 Kartik 1764 Bk/2 October 1707, while informing the sangats at Dhaul and Khara of Guru Gobind Singh’s meeting with the Emperor (Bahadur Shah), enjoined upon them to present themselves duly armed when the Guru arrived in Kahlur (Anandpur). This was not to be, for the Guru passed away at Nanded, in the South, a year later, but the Guru’s intention of returning to the Punjab is clearly established.

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Hukamnamas by guru gobind singh ji
« on: August 10, 2010, 11:44:02 AM »

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Re: Hukamnamas by guru gobind singh ji
« Reply #1 on: August 10, 2010, 12:07:07 PM »
satnam shri waheguru g...
ma moved diz topic...

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Re: Hukamnamas by guru gobind singh ji
« Reply #2 on: February 07, 2012, 12:40:22 AM »
Hukamnama Sri Harmandir Sahib Ji 7th Feb.,2012 Ang 615

[ TUESDAY ] , 25th Magh (Samvat 543 Nanakshahi) ]

Plz cover your head before reading the Gurbani Ji & Try to Implement True Meaning of GURBANI in Your Life

ਸੋਰਠਿ ਮਹਲਾ ੫ ॥
ਗੁਣ ਗਾਵਹੁ ਪੂਰਨ ਅਬਿਨਾਸੀ ਕਾਮ ਕ੍ਰੋਧ ਬਿਖੁ ਜਾਰੇ ॥
ਮਹਾ ਬਿਖਮੁ ਅਗਨਿ ਕੋ ਸਾਗਰੁ ਸਾਧੂ ਸੰਗਿ ਉਧਾਰੇ ॥੧॥

Sorath Mahala 5 ॥
Gun Gavoh Puran Abinasi Kaam Krodh Bikh Jaarey ॥
Maha Bikham Aagan Ko Sagar Saadhu Sang Udhaarey ॥1॥

सोरठि महला ५ ॥
गुण गावहु पूरन अबिनासी काम क्रोध बिखु जारे ॥
महा बिखमु अगनि को सागरु साधू संगि उधारे ॥१॥


Sorat'h, Fifth Mehl:
Sing the Glorious Praises of the Perfect, Imperishable Lord, and the poison of sexual desire and anger shall be burnt away. You shall cross over the awesome, arduous ocean of fire, in the Saadh Sangat, the Company of the Holy. ||1||

ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਵਿਚ ਵਿਆਖਿਆ :-

(ਹੇ ਭਾਈ! ਪੂਰੇ ਗੁਰੂ ਦੀ ਸਰਨ ਪੈ ਕੇ) ਸਰਬ-ਵਿਆਪਕ ਨਾਸ-ਰਹਿਤ ਪ੍ਰਭੂ ਦੇ ਗੁਣ ਗਾਇਆ ਕਰ। (ਜੇਹੜਾ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਇਹ ਉੱਦਮ ਕਰਦਾ ਹੈ ਗੁਰੂ ਉਸ ਦੇ ਅੰਦਰੋਂ ਆਤਮਕ ਮੌਤ ਲਿਆਉਣ ਵਾਲੇ) ਕਾਮ ਕ੍ਰੋਧ (ਆਦਿਕ ਦੀ) ਜ਼ਹਰ ਸਾੜ ਦੇਂਦਾ ਹੈ। (ਇਹ ਜਗਤ ਵਿਕਾਰਾਂ ਦੀ) ਅੱਗ ਦਾ ਸਮੁੰਦਰ (ਹੈ, ਇਸ ਵਿਚੋਂ ਪਾਰ ਲੰਘਣਾ) ਬਹੁਤ ਕਠਨ ਹੈ (ਸਿਫ਼ਤਿ-ਸਾਲਾਹ ਦੇ ਗੀਤ ਗਾਣ ਵਾਲੇ ਮਨੁੱਖ ਨੂੰ ਗੁਰੂ) ਸਾਧ ਸੰਗਤਿ ਵਿਚ (ਰੱਖ ਕੇ, ਇਸ ਸਮੁੰਦਰ ਵਿਚੋਂ) ਪਾਰ ਲੰਘਾ ਦੇਂਦਾ ਹੈ।੧।


Hey Bhai ! Pure Guru di sharn pe ke Sarb-Viaapak Naas-Rehat Prbhu Gun Gaya Kar । Jehre Manukh eh udam karda hai Guru us de andro aatmak mout liaaoun wale kaam krodh aadik di zehar saarr denda Hai । Eh jagat vikaraa di agg da samunder Hai, is wicho paar langhna Bohut katthan Hai sifat salah de Geet gaan wale manukh nu guru saadh sangant wich Rakh ke is samunder wicho Paar langha denda Hai ।1।

ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕਾ ਖਾਲਸਾ
ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕੀ ਫਤਹਿ ਜੀ..


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Re: Hukamnamas by guru gobind singh ji
« Reply #3 on: February 11, 2012, 01:05:23 AM »
Hukamnama Sri Harmandir Sahib Ji
11th Feb.,2012 Ang 742 [ SATURDAY ] , 29th Magh (Samvat 543 Nanakshahi) ]
Plz cover your head before reading the Gurbani Ji & Try to Implement True Meaning of GURBANI in Your Life

ਸੂਹੀ ਮਹਲਾ ੫ ॥
ਬੈਕੁੰਠ ਨਗਰੁ ਜਹਾ ਸੰਤ ਵਾਸਾ ॥
ਪ੍ਰਭ ਚਰਣ ਕਮਲ ਰਿਦ ਮਾਹਿ ਨਿਵਾਸਾ ॥੧॥

Suhi Mahala 5 ॥
Bekunth Nagar Jaha Sant Vaasa ॥
Prab Charan Kamal Ridh Mahey Nivaasa ॥1॥

सूही महला ५ ॥
बैकुंठ नगरु जहा संतवासा ॥
प्रभ चरण कमल रिद माहि निवासा ॥१॥

Soohee, Fifth Mehl: The city of heaven is where the Saints dwell. They enshrine the Lotus Feet of God within their hearts. ||1||

ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਵਿਚ ਵਿਆਖਿਆ :-
ਹੇ ਭਾਈ! ਜਿਸ ਥਾਂ (ਪਰਮਾਤਮਾ ਦੇ) ਸੰਤ ਜਨ ਵੱਸਦੇ ਹੋਣ, ਉਹੀ ਹੈ (ਅਸਲ) ਬੈਕੁੰਠ ਦਾ ਸ਼ਹਰ। (ਸੰਤ ਜਨਾਂ ਦੀ ਸੰਗਤਿ ਵਿਚ ਰਹਿ ਕੇ) ਪ੍ਰਭੂ ਦੇ ਸੋਹਣੇ ਚਰਨ ਹਿਰਦੇ ਵਿਚ ਆ ਵੱਸਦੇ ਹਨ।੧।

Hey Bhai ! Jis tha Parmatma de sant jan vasde Hon, ohi Hai asal Baikunth de shehar । Sant jna di sangant wich Reh ke Prbhu de sohne charn Hirde wich aa vasde Han ।1।

ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕਾ ਖਾਲਸਾ,,,
ਵਾਹਿਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਕੀ ਫਤਹਿ ਜੀ..



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