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Messages - ɯɐɹʞıʌ
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« on: October 09, 2011, 08:55:06 PM »
wese mein v kai waar eda sochda hunda k yaar oh bnda theek kamm te nhi aa ya ohnu koi hor kam krna chahida c ta oh batter kr skda c bt deeply consider karn te meinu eh lgda k koi v kamm faltu nhi hunda
kamm nu khaas bnaundi aa bnde de lagan ,devotion,mehnat, imandaari
job ya kamm bnde di ability da meter vee hunda
oda asi jo marji khi jaaiye bt jo bnda apne kamm vich perfact nhi hunda ohnu saari umer duniya magr bhjna penda jo apne kammm vich perfact hunde aa duniya nu ohna magr bhjna penda
wese kp chaa gai nice topic
« on: October 09, 2011, 08:41:10 PM »
agg laa deo , rod deo hun kehndi love latter mod deo
« on: October 09, 2011, 08:38:15 PM »
yh mai v harrry nu miss karda pta ni kithe rehnda annda ee ni
veere busy hunda oh ajkal thoda , fikr na kr ohne kithe jana saatho bhaj k chak ke lei awange ohnu apa
« on: October 09, 2011, 08:37:06 PM »
all masterminded by the USA I see a conspiracy here
upper wala bnda niche waale nu khraab ee lgda hunda mostly
...Oct 11, 2002:
Jimmy Carter wins Nobel PrizeOn this day in 2002, former President Jimmy Carter wins the Nobel Peace Prize "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development."
Carter, a peanut farmer from Georgia, served one term as U.S. president between 1977 and 1981. One of his key achievements as president was mediating the peace talks between Israel and Egypt in 1978. The Nobel Committee had wanted to give Carter (1924- ) the prize that year for his efforts, along with Anwar Sadat and Menachim Begin, but was prevented from doing so by a technicality--he had not been nominated by the official deadline.
After he left office, Carter and his wife Rosalynn created the Atlanta-based Carter Center in 1982 to advance human rights and alleviate human suffering. Since 1984, they have worked with Habitat for Humanity to build homes and raise awareness of homelessness. Among his many accomplishments, Carter has helped to fight disease and improve economic growth in developing nations and has served as an observer at numerous political elections around the world.
The first Nobel Prizes--awards established by Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) in his will--were handed out in Sweden in 1901 in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and peace. The Nobel Prize in economics was first awarded in 1969. Carter was the third U.S. president to receive the award, worth $1 million, following Theodore Roosevelt (1906) and Woodrow Wilson (1919).
« on: October 09, 2011, 08:35:48 PM »
The very first bomb that the Allies dropped on Berlin in World War II killed the only elephant in the Berlin Zoo, it is said. The NATO attack on Serbia in 1999 (the Kosovo war) killed more animals than people. “Smart” weapons, such the Tomahawk missile is supposed to hit a postage stamp at 300km or more (200 miles or more). But only two out of thirteen actually hit the target. One skimmed over the house of a small farmer a few miles off target, straight up a track, through bushes, and exploded in the farmer’s field, killing seven sheep, one cow and a goat. The farmer kept the missile nosecone as a souvenir.
To err is human. To really mess things up you need a computer
On 5 October 1960 an early-warning system warned the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) of a massive Soviet nuclear missile strike approaching the United States. What happened is that a fault in a computer system had removed two zeros from the radar’s ranging components, detecting the missile attack at 4 000km (2,500 miles) away. The radar was actually detecting a reflection from the moon, located 400 000km (250,000 miles) away.
On 3 June 1980 a massive Soviet missile attack was again registered by computers. 100 nuclear-armed B-52s were immediately put on alert. A computer fault was detected in time, but three days later the same error occurred and again the bombers were put on alert. The problem was later traced to the failure of an integrated circuit in a computer, which was producing random digits representing the number of missiles detected.
On 10 January 1984, Warren Air Force Base in Cheyenne, Wyoming, recorded a message that one of its Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missiles was about to launch from its silo due to a computer malfunction. To prevent the possible launch, an armoured car was parked on top of the silo.
The history of nuclear weapon accidents is as old as their introduction
The US Department of Defence (DoD) first published a list of nuclear weapon accidents in 1968 which detailed 13 serious nuclear weapon accidents between 1950-1968. An updated list released in 1980 catalogued 32 accidents. At the same time, documents released by the Navy under the Freedom of Information Act cited 381 nuclear weapon incidents between 1965 and 1977.
A number of nuclear cases involve ships or submarines colliding at sea or, in some cases, submarine nuclear power units becoming unstable and the subs having to be abandoned. According to Greenpeace No Nukes there have been more than 120 submarine accidents since 1956. The most recent incident, in August 2000, was the loss of the Russian nuclear submarine Kursk in the Barents Sea. The Kursk is the seventh nuclear submarine lost, five of them Russian, two American. There are 92 known cases of nuclear bombs lost at sea.
The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was established in 1968, yet there are more than 23,000 nuclear weapons ready for firing.
Nuceflash: any accidental or unauthorised incident involving a possible detonation of a nuclear weapon.
Broken Arrow: the seizure, theft, loss or accidental detonation of a nuclear weapon or component other than war risk.
Bent Spear: any significant nuclear weapon incidents other than accidents or war risk detonations.
Dull Sword: a nuclear weapon incident other than “significant” incidents.
Faded Giant: any nuclear reactor or radiological accidents involving equipment used or in custody of the Navy.
When bombs started falling in Belgrade in 1999, most of the pregnant animals in the zoo aborted their young or delivered prematurely. The bombs hit out power and water supplies, leaving the sea lions and polar bears to suffer from exposure. Prince, a 300kg (660 lb) Bengal tiger was so disturbed that he began chewing off his own paws
« on: October 09, 2011, 08:31:21 PM »
jatt shonki kaale maal da
« on: October 09, 2011, 08:24:29 PM »
Oct 10, 1985:
Achille Lauro hijacking ends
The hijacking of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro reaches a dramatic climax when U.S. Navy F-14 fighters intercept an Egyptian airliner attempting to fly the Palestinian hijackers to freedom and force the jet to land at a NATO base in Sigonella, Sicily. American and Italian troops surrounded the plane, and the terrorists were taken into Italian custody.
On October 7, four heavily armed Palestinian terrorists hijacked the Achille Lauro in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Alexandria, Egypt. Some 320 crewmembers and 80 passengers, were taken hostage. Hundreds of other passengers had disembarked the cruise ship earlier that day to visit Cairo and tour the Egyptian pyramids. Identifying themselves as members of the Palestine Liberation Front--a Palestinian splinter group--the gunmen demanded the release of 50 Palestinian militants imprisoned in Israel. If their demands were not met, they threatened to blow up the ship and kill the 11 Americans on board. The next morning, they also threatened to kill the British passengers.
The Achille Lauro traveled to the Syrian port of Tartus, where the terrorists demanded negotiations on October 8. Syria refused to permit the ship to anchor in its waters, which prompted more threats from the hijackers. That afternoon, they shot and killed Leon Klinghoffer, a 69-year-old Jewish-American who was confined to a wheelchair as the result of a stroke. His body was then pushed overboard in the wheelchair.
Yasir Arafat's Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) condemned the hijacking, and PLO officials joined with Egyptian authorities in attempting to resolve the crisis. On the recommendation of the negotiators, the cruise ship traveled to Port Said. On October 9, the hijackers surrendered to Egyptian authorities and freed the hostages in exchange for a pledge of safe passage to an undisclosed destination.
The next day--October 10--the four hijackers boarded an EgyptAir Boeing 737 airliner, along with Mohammed Abbas, a member of the Palestine Liberation Front who had participated in the negotiations; a PLO official; and several Egyptians. The 737 took off from Cairo at 4:15 p.m. EST and headed for Tunisia. President Ronald Reagan gave his final order approving the plan to intercept the aircraft, and at 5:30 p.m. EST, F-14 Tomcat fighters located the airliner 80 miles south of Crete. Without announcing themselves, the F-14s trailed the airliner as it sought and was denied permission to land at Tunis. After a request to land at the Athens airport was likewise refused, the F-14s turned on their lights and flew wing-to-wing with the airliner. The aircraft was ordered to land at a NATO air base in Sicily, and the pilot complied, touching down at 6:45 p.m. The hijackers were arrested soon after. Abbas and the other Palestinian were released, prompting criticism from the United States, which wanted to investigate their possible involvement in the hijacking.
On July 10, 1986, an Italian court later convicted three of the terrorists and sentenced them to prison terms ranging from 15 to 30 years. Three others, including Mohammed Abbas, were convicted in absentia for masterminding the hijacking and sentenced to life in prison. They received harsher penalties because, unlike the hijackers, who the court found were acting for "patriotic motives," Abbas and the others conceived the hijacking as a "selfish political act" designed "to weaken the leadership of Yasir Arafat." The fourth hijacker was a minor who was tried and convicted separately.
« on: October 09, 2011, 08:08:11 PM »
« on: October 09, 2011, 08:04:59 PM »
welcum bai ..
mai eh edit kar ke wallpaper banau es shayari da
jida marzi kro veere sab tuhada ee aa chakk do fatte
« on: October 09, 2011, 08:02:14 PM »
sat naam shri waheguru
« on: October 09, 2011, 07:57:58 PM »
wah oh veerea kina sohna likhea ah
« on: October 09, 2011, 07:54:32 PM »
hahah wc 2 waar neha kyon ik vari vi khe sakde ho
tu chat ch v nehaneha likheya hoeya ta kr k mein 2 waar likheya
bahut wadiya likheya a bai
« on: October 09, 2011, 12:47:02 PM »
oh ok mainu pta nai ccthanku vaise nice lines navi vadia likhea
thanks 2 waar neha
« on: October 09, 2011, 12:43:41 PM »
navi eh first line vich jado tak marean nai ja moeya nai (jdo tak moeya nhin )
mreya nhin = moeya nhin
same thing aa
« on: October 09, 2011, 12:38:30 PM »
« on: October 09, 2011, 12:37:30 PM »
« on: October 09, 2011, 12:24:32 PM »
ਤੇਰੀ ਯਾਦ ਨਾਲ ਜਿਓਂਦਾ ਰਹਾਂਗਾ ਮੈਂ
ਜਦੋ ਤਕ ਮੋਇਆ ਨਹੀਂ
ਤੇਨੁ ਲਭਦਾ ਰਹਾਂਗਾ ਮੈਂ
ਜਦੋ ਤਕ ਖੁਦ ਨੂ ਖੋਇਆ ਨਹੀਂ
ਕੁਛ ਨਾ ਕੁਛ ਤਾ ਕਰਦਾ ਰਹਾਂਗਾ ਮੈਂ
ਜਦੋ ਤਕ ਸਬ ਕੁਛ ਹੋਇਆ ਨਹੀ
ਕਿਨਾਰਾ ਤੂ ਹੈ, ਤੇਰ੍ਣਾ ਨਸੀਬ ਸਾਡਾ
ਜਦੋ ਤਕ ਤੂ ਆ ਕੇ ਖੁਦ ਸਾਨੂ ਡੁਬੋਇਆ ਨਹੀ
ਮੋਤੀ ਹਾ ਜਮੀਨ ਤੇ ਡਿਗਿਆ
ਜਦੋ ਤੱਕ ਤੂ ਗਾਨੀ ਚ ਪਰੋਇਆ ਨਹੀ
copy right by Nvikram
...teri yaad naal jionda rhanga mein
jdo tak moeya nhin
tenu lbhda rhanga mein
jdo tak khud nu khoeya nhin
kuch na kuch ta krda rhanga mein
jdo tak sab kuch hoeya nhin
kinara tu hei, terna nseeb sada
jdo tak tu khud sanu duboeya nhin
moti ha zmeen te digeya
jdo tak tu gaani ch piroeya nhin
« on: October 08, 2011, 08:11:02 PM »
The heart pumps blood by means of blood vessels referred to as arteries. This blood carries essential oxygen and nutrients essential by tissues and organs through the body. The heart by itself is provided with blood vessels named coronary arteries. When cholesterol stages rise previously mentioned regular limits and remain high, some cholesterol is left behind in the arteries. Above the a long time, waxy cholesterol plaques create up on the artery walls, and so minimize or block blood flow. When blood flow to the brain is blocked, a stroke occurs. When plaque blocks a coronary artery, angina or a heart attack might be the outcome.
Cholesterol in the system comes from two resources. Most cholesterol is manufactured by the liver from several nutrients and particularly from ingested fats. The liver tends to make just about all the cholesterol the physique will ever want. Due to the fact all animals can make their individual cholesterol, some cholesterol in the human entire body comes straight from consuming animal foods. These foods contain meats, poultry, egg yolks, organ meats, total milk and milk products. This cholesterol is absorbed via the intestines and added to what the liver helps make. It is also recognized that a eating plan large in saturated body fat will increase cholesterol production in the system. Therefore, lowering dietary cholesterol and fats helps to maintain blood cholesterol levels inside of a healthful collection. Most essential of all is to drastically minimize the volume of animal meat, meat merchandise and trans fat in the diet regime.
« on: October 08, 2011, 08:05:43 PM »
Worldwide, 20,000 brands of beer are brewed in 180 styles, from ales, lagers, pilsner and stouts to bitters, cream ales and iced beers.
Beer has been a popular beverage for a long time. Babylonian clay tablets show detailed recipes of beer making in 4300 BC. Beer was also brewed by the ancient Chinese, Assyrians and Incas.
An Egyptian text of 1600 BC gives 100 medical prescriptions using beer. A few years ago, the New Castle Brewery in England brewed 1,000 bottles Tutankhamun Ale from a 3,200-year old recipe found in the sun temple of Queen Nefertiti.
Commercial beer making was established in 1200 AD in present-day Germany. In 1506, the German Purity Law is issued, specifying that beer ingredients must only be water, barley, wheat and hops. Bottling of beer started in 1605.
Brewing is the process of changing water and grain into beer through a yeast catalyst. The quality of the water is extremely important. Hard water produce a bitter ale, soft water produce bitter lager. Barley or hops, or a combination of them, is used for the grain.
Getting dry grain ready for fermentation is called malting. The grain is steeped in water until it sprouts. The sprouting or germination is not allowed to end naturally but is interrupted either by drying or roasting in kilns.
Barley has been a grain of choice for thousands of years. The longer the roasting of the malted barley, the darker the beer. Barley, or wheat beers have a sweet taste.
Hops are herbaceous climbing vines and look like a cross between pine cores and artichokes. The bitter, dry flavor of hops counterbalance the sweetness of malt.
Sugars in the malted grains are converted into alcohol by yeast. Different yeast ferment sugars into different flavors. For ales, top fermentation yeast is used, while bottom fermentation yeast is used for lagers.
The beer making process starts by germinating the grain, then steeping the resulting malt in hot water to get the wort. Base wort contents means the percentage of wort in the beer before fermentation. The alcohol contents is roughly one third of the base wort contents.The wort is boiled (brewed) and hops are added. After brewing, fermentation starts by adding yeast. After fermentation, the wort is drown into tanks where it is allowed to condition or age. Yeast and hops are sometimes added in a secondary fermentation process.
Ales and Lagers
Ales, stouts and several other types of brews, like porter, are top-fermented. The top-fermentation yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, usually produces stronger alcohol contents than the bottom-fermentation yeast, Saccharomyces carlsbergi, but the latter produces more quality-consistent brew. Lagers are bottom-fermented.
Ales usually are heavily hopped, and include bitters, brown ales, cream ales, mild ale, pale ale, India pale ale, barley wine and several other types. There are two types of the aboriginal ale still brewed in Europe. They are Belgian “lambic” and Finnish “sahti”, which is brewed from rye malt. They are brewed on wild yeast and spontaneous fermentation. Both have very distinct tastes.
The word “lager” is German and means “storage”, which refers to the lager (storage) fermentation. The main fermentation of both ales and lager are done on the similar temperature for 7-14 days. After that time the ale, depending on the type, may be ready for bottling. With lagers, this is only the start. After the main fermentation the beer is pumped into lager (storage) tanks with temperature some 10 deg C lower than room temperature. It is then let to mature and ferment for several weeks, usually 6-10 weeks. At 270 days, the longest lager fermentation is for that of Budejovicky Budvar brewery’s Bud Strong.
The best taste usually is acquired at an alcohol contents of 4.7% ethanol per volume. Less than that results in a beer with a bland taste. More than that and the higher alcohols (butanol, pentanol etc) become overpowering and spoils the taste.
The strongest beer type by alcohol content is doppelbock, which is usually 8%-10% ethanol by its volume content. The strongest beer brand in production is German “Eisbock”, with some 14% ethanol by volume.
Ice beer is produced by freezing the brew and filtering the ice crystals, increasing the alcohol content. This process was already known in the Middle Ages to “cold-distil” brandy from wine, and the ancient Chinese produced rice hooch that way. The Canadians adopted the cold-distillation method for ice beer.
The oldest brewery in Munich, the Augustiner brewery, was founded in 1294, when, on the order of the bishop of Freising, an Augustinian monastery was established at the Haberfeld, just outside the gates of the city. Munich was famous for its breweries operated by monks.
A true pilsner comes from the Pilsner, Czech Republic. The original pilsner was Pilsner Urquell (Plzensky Prazrod), meaning “The Original Spring of Pilsen.” It still is one of the most popular pilsner in the world.
The first beer brewery in the US opened in Manhattan in 1623. But the oldest continuing brewery, running since 1829 is Yuengling in Schuylkill County in Pennsylvania.
The first Octoberfest was held in 1810 in Munich, Germany. It started as a wedding celebration.
Löwenbrau of Munich was founded 1373.
The Czech Republic has the highest per capita beer consumption in the world, at 155 litres (40 gal).
Sake, the Japanese rice brew, is closer to beer than wine by its production method.
The English word “brewer” refers to a male beer-maker; “brewster” to a female.
Beer and ale volumes
4 gills = 1 pint
2 pints = 1 quart
4 quarts = 1 gallon
9 gallons = 1 firkin
2 firkins = 1 kilderkin
3 kilderkins = 1 hogshead
2 hogsheads = 1 butt
« on: October 08, 2011, 07:54:57 PM »
Hukamnama From Sri Darbar Sahib, Amritsar
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